I am a little confused when it comes to giving a theta role to some of my sentences. I got: James got a ball yesterday. where James has the role as BENEFICIARY. Got is the main predicate. a ball is the THEME and yesterday have the role as TIME or is
I am looking for a chart (or good reference) that shows every possible orthographic representation for each phoneme (in General North American English; I don't care about the low-back merger).Something like/a/.......au (caught), o (pot), a (garden)Bu
I debated names of scientific terms with my friend, and we both discovered that some of them have the trailing letter "s" while others don't. Here are some examples:Mobius strip, Fourier series, Chomsky normal form - you can see there are no &qu
I am trying to design a word list for a phonetics project. I can use wildcard searches in the corpus such as * sb * which will return all words that contain this sequence of letters (either medially or word-initially). However, I want to restrict thi
Languages like Japanese are said to have case phrases (KP). I don't understand why case particles are considered heads. Why is the structure of NP+ga [KP [DP x] [K ga]] (ie the DP depends on ga)?I don't have detailed knowledge of Japanese but in Urdu
I'm a beginner in NLP.What are the main steps to build a dependency parser?thanks.I suppose you mean a rule-based parser since nobody would think of developing his own statistical parser (there are so many good open-source libraries).Building a parse
From what I've learnt, structural case is assigned in certain structural configurations. For example, nominative case is assigned by tensed I/T to nominals in SpecIP/TP. Therefore, the case filter allows the nominal subject to become overt.My questio
Source:streig- = To stroke, rub, press. European root I heed the Etymological Fallacy, but what are some right ways of interpreting these three opposing definitions, so that this PIE root feels reasonable and intuitive? My problem: Is this root a con
I was just reading about various Altaic language grouping hypotheses on wikipedia. According the article, evidence for an Altaic language family that would include Turkic, Uralic, Mongolian, Tungusic, etc. has mostly been rejected by specialists in r
I want to stress the difference between ergative and non-ergative inflection with a minimal pair like the one below. Does the gloss and translation make the distinction sufficiently clear? Or is there a better way?:1Subj-kill-PST'I killed him/her/it'
Languages that conjugate nominals for singular vs. plural number are quite common across the world. Languages which also have a dual conjugation are also fairly common. But is there any language which has a 0-number conjugation: a grammatical number
While there are plenty of languages that have augmentive and diminutive affix, are there languages with something in between? big-AUG 'very big' big-MED 'rather big, a little big' small-DIM 'tinyHow are such suffixes called, when referring to all 3?
What is the difference in pronunciation between women and men when speaking a language, as opposed to the difference in the voice of men and women? The context for the question arises from my looking up the dictionary for some word in French; the ver
Since Académie française superintends French, a solution seems easier (at least to prescribe and enforce) in French; I exemplify with it. Yet I question the same for English. Why hasn't French confected* conjugations or words that cause the defect, f
As far as I know, the French language is considered as a Romance language, which is derived, in its turn, from the Latin language. The last one has a rich grammatical cases system.I am interested to know, how, during what processes, and why the Frenc
I need to know what Linguistic tools are used when proving a bad translation has skewed the original message. I'm writing a paper trying to prove that the message found in present day bibles are very different from message written in Ancient Hebrew.
Words such as "mama", "papa", and "cancan" have only one unique syllable, and the whole word is just that syllable repeated once. Is there a name for such words? I am aware of reduplication, but I believe it refers only to ot
TL;DR (Actual Question:) I'm wildered; so please explain as though I were 10 years old.What are the similarities and differences? This doesn`t compare all 4 nouns simultaneously.A Student's Introduction to English Grammar (2005; by Huddleston and Pul
I exemplify with the following, but I ask this in general. How can I learn more about affixes that change meaning, especially those that are 'upended into' their antonyms?For example, I was researching the etymology of surreptitious: surreptitious (a